The common cold is a viral infection of your nose and throat. It’s usually harmless, although it might not feel that way. Many types of viruses can cause a common cold.
Symptoms of a common cold usually appear one to three days after exposure to a cold-causing virus. Signs and symptoms, which can vary from person to person, might include:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- Slight body aches or a mild headache
- Low-grade fever
- Generally feeling unwell (malaise)
The discharge from your nose may become thicker and yellow or green in color as a common cold runs its course. This isn’t an indication of a bacterial infection.
The common cold is caused by a virus over 200 different types of them, actually. Rhinoviruses are the type that cause most colds, but they can also be caused by corona viruses, respiratory synctial virus (RSV), parainfluenza, and others. Because these colds are caused by so many different viruses, there likely never be a cure. We can’t develop immunity to colds because there is always another virus that our bodies haven’t seen that will cause similar symptoms.
What are a few things that don’t cause colds?
Wet hair, cold weather, and changes in temperature. These “old wives’ tales” have been shared and passed down for generations, but they have no basis in science. Research has shown that people may be more likely to catch colds during the winter when the air is cold and dry, but it is not the weather itself that makes you sick. Only germs can do that
Risk factors :
These factors can increase your chances of getting a cold:
Children younger than six are at greatest risk of colds, especially if they spend time in child-care settings.
Weakened immune system:
Having a chronic illness or otherwise weakened immune system increases your risk.
Time of year:
Both children and adults are more susceptible to colds in fall and winter, but you can get a cold any time.
You’re more likely to catch a cold and to have more severe colds if you smoke.
If you’re around many people, such as at school or on an airplane, you’re likely to be exposed to viruses that cause colds.
Cold remedies for Children:
Here are the most common methods which people take to make sure that they do not catch the flu:
- Make your child wash their hands:
This is the most common reason for children getting the common cold. It is possible that whatever you touch may get infected with your germs and pass on to your children. This can happen even hours later. Therefore, it is crucial that you wash your hands as often as possible and if this is not possible, you should at least make your child use a hand sanitizer.
- Do not sneeze into your hands:
When you sneeze into your hands, the virus clings to your hands. Therefore, when you sneeze, try to sneeze into a tissue or at least into the inside of your elbow so that your child does not get a cold.
- Make your child not touch your face:
Colds can only enter your body through the eyes, nose and mouth. Tell your kids not to touch their faces so that they do not catch a virus.
- Make your child do aerobic exercise:
Aerobic exercise increases your heart rate and this means, that it also increases the ability of the body to kill viruses.
- Give your child foods with phytochemicals:
Green, red and yellow vegetable and fruits are very good at fighting off viruses. Eat them so that the natural virus fighting ability of the body is increased.
- Do not allow your child to come near smoke:
Smoking reduces the body’s ability to fight off cold. This is why smokers get more severe and more frequent colds. It has been said that one cigarette can stop cilia from working for 30 to 40 minutes.
- Relax :
There is also a lot of evidence that your immune system is stronger when you are not stressed out. Try to see that your child is not stressed from school or any other place which may cause them stress.
Cold remedies for adult:
If you’re experiencing symptoms of a cold, you’re likely looking for relief. Cold treatments fall into two main categories:
1.Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines
- Home remedies
Lets us see some home remedies to get rid of cold.
The most effective and common home remedies for a cold include gargling with saltwater, rest, and staying hydrated. Some research also shows that herbs like Echinacea may be effective at reducing symptoms of a cold. These treatments don’t cure or treat a cold. Instead, they can just make symptoms less severe and easier to manage.
Here are four tips for cold prevention:
- Wash your hands:
Old-fashioned soap and water is the best way to stop the spread of germs. Only use antibacterial gels and sprays as a last resort when you can’t get to a sink.
- Take care of your gut:
Eat plenty of bacteria-rich foods like yogurt, or take a daily probiotic supplement. Keeping your gut bacteria community healthy can help your overall health.
- Avoid sick people:
This is reason number one sick people shouldn’t come into work or school. It’s very easy to share germs in tight quarters like offices or classrooms. If you notice someone isn’t feeling well, go out of your way to avoid them. Be sure to wash your hands after coming into contact them.
- Cover your cough:
Likewise, if you’re feeling sick, don’t keep infecting people around you. Cover your cough with a tissue or cough and sneeze into your elbow so you don’t spray germs into your environment.
Foods recommended during cold:
- Chicken soup:
The adage about chicken soup being good for a cold is practically as old as the common cold itself. And there is some truth to what your grandmother has been telling you all these years. Chicken soup is nice for the common cold because it loosens up your mucus.
- Vitamin C :
It’s up there with chicken soup as far as legendary cold remedies go, and there may be some truth to vitamin C’s being helpful. Get it as a supplement or by upping your intake of vitamin C–rich foods, like citrus, green peppers, dark leafy greens, and kiwi fruit. Several studies show that it can reduce the duration and severity of a common cold
Yogurts contain billions of healthy bacteria that can boost your gut health. Having a healthy micro biome in your gut can help your body fight any number of illnesses and conditions, including a cold.
- Hot tea:
Warm drinks like tea are great for colds. Add honey for a cough-busting boost. Slices of ginger can also reduce inflammation and ease congestion. You shouldn’t drink coffee, though. Caffeine can interfere with medicines, and it may increase your risk of dehydration.