Effective home remedies for cough and cold
Common cold and cough are one of the most common viral illnesses that have no specific treatment. There is also popular belief having cold once or twice a year is a good way to cleanse the body. On the contrary, cough and cold could be the first symptoms of a serious underlying disease like pneumonia. From that angle, it is better to treat it than to just let it run its natural course. Especially in children and elderly, it can be chronic issue with repeated bouts and therefore treatment becomes mandatory.
The other common ting for cold and cough is weather. These weather change brings about is lung infections – most commonly cough and cold. Most people dread the change of seasons from one temperature to another because of the fear of how their body will react to the weather change. Be it extreme hot or cold, most people end up with a cough and cold. The more affected age groups again are the children and the elderly. However, all it takes to prevent this is to plan a little so that the body can get used to the change and not react with a cough or cold.
Causes of cough include :
- Chronic rhinitis
- Gastro esophageal reflux
- There are few things that can be done which can help avoid catching cold.
- Avoid sudden exposure to cold, from a heated room to the cold outdoors, especially in the evening and morning. Those who are used to a morning and evening walk may have to change the routine.
- Avoid cold food items such as cool drinks, milk shakes and ice-creams.
- Having a warm bath, early morning and late evening is advisable.
- Avoid foods such as sour stuffs, pickles and fried foods.
- Eat small, frequent meals that are prepared fresh are nutritious and of moderate temperature.
- If there are infected people in your neighborhood, avoid being in close contact with them as you might get infected as well.
- Wash your hands enough to keep them free of germs
- As much as cold weather does not make you thirsty, push enough fluids so that your body stays hydrated. If water is not appealing enough, drink warm water or tea or lime.
- Ensure the house, especially kitchen and bathroom are clean and disinfected.
- Avoid exposure to dust and pollen as they carry lot of germs.
- Avoid staying in a poorly ventilated room, enough circulation ensures germs are not concentrated in one room
- Timely vaccination against flu
Treatment: Despite these measures, once the cough and cold has set in, the following are some easy home remedies to get rid of it:
Yoga: Yoga exercises such as Pranayama and Jalneti can be done to cleanse the nasal cavity, prevent sinus congestion, and clear mucus.
Turn on humidifier: Dry air can irritate your mouth and throat, making you cough. So some clinics recommends using a humidifier to add some moisture back and keep your airways happy. Keep humidity between 30 to 50 percent, because any damper that that could encourage mold and dust mites, and trigger asthma. If you don’t own a humidifier try taking a steamy shower or pouring hot water into a bowl and breathing in the vapor to stay healthy.
Ginger: Ginger is a super food that has many benefits and treating cough is among its more well known properties. Add small slices of ginger to boiling water. Drink this mixture three to four time a day for relief from sore throat, persistent coughing and even chest congestion. Alternatively also consider by adding some lemon juice and honey. There is another option if it suits you, is to chew fresh raw ginger on and off over the day.
Throat coat: A scratchy, irritated throat needs a nice lubricant to prevent tickles that lead to hacking fits. For this take honey and mix in cinnamon powder, turmeric, a bit of black pepper powder and finally add ginger powder. After adding all these ingredients mix thoroughly and consume it for every 2 hours.
Onion and garlic:
- A simple home remedy for treating cough is to cut onions and inhale its strong vapors. This can help treat the cough and clear the nasal passage.
- A mixture of baked onion juice with comfrey tea and honey serves as a useful cough syrup. Drink it daily for relief. You can also consider adding pure honey to the onion extract.
- Garlic can be considered a super food considering it has both antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that are useful in treating coughs.
- Boil two to three cloves of garlic with water and add a teaspoon of oregano. On cooling add some honey and drink it. This should clear blockages, ease breathing and offer relief from constant coughing.
- Crushed garlic with a few drops of clove oil and honey is useful for treating sore throat.
- Also consider adding garlic to your cooking.
Thyme: Thyme is used by some for respiratory illnesses. One study suggests that the essence extracted from thyme leaves mixed with ivy can help relieve coughing as well as short-term bronchitis. The leaves contain compounds called flavonoids that relax the throat muscles involved in coughing and lessen inflammation.
- You can make thyme tea at home using 2 teaspoons of crushed thyme leaves and 1 cup of boiling water. Cover the cup, steep for 10 minutes, and strain.
Tulsi : Chewing Tulsi leaves can be beneficial for cough remedy.
Pineapple for cough: You don’t usually think of pineapple as a cough remedy, but that’s probably because you’ve never heard of bromelain. There’s evidence to suggest that bromelain is an enzyme found only in the stem and fruit of pineapples can help suppress coughs as well as loosen the mucus in your throat. To enjoy the most benefits of pineapple and bromelain, eat a slice of pineapple or drink 3.5 ounces of fresh pineapple juice three times a day.
There are also claims that it can help relieve sinusitis and allergy-based sinus issues, which can contribute to coughs and mucus. However, there is insufficient evidence to support this. It’s also sometimes used to treat inflammation and swelling.
Bromelain supplements should not be taken by children or adults who take blood thinners. Also, be careful using bromelain if you’re also on antibiotics such as amoxicillin, as it can increase the absorption of the antibiotic.
Lemon and honey: Some studies says Hot liquids with lemon and honey can soothe and treat cough for short-term periods. Use plain hot water or a favorite hot tea, and add honey and lemon to taste. The advantage to this cough home remedy is, unlike cough medicines, you can have it as often as you need or want. But, he cautions, you should not give honey to children under age 1, even to help them stop coughing.