What is piles?
piles are swelling or swollen haemorrhoids that can occur inside and outside around the anus, and along the anal canal. Haemorrhoids are masses, clumps, cushions of tissue full of blood vessels, support tissue, muscle and elastic fibres in the anal canal. Everyone has haemorrhoids. However, when the haemorrhoids guarding the anal passage become too big due to inflammation, so that the vein walls become stretched, thin, and irritated by passing bowel movements, that is when piles develops. In most cases piles goes away on its own.
Piles are broadly classified into two categories:
Internal piles : Internal piles are located far within the rectum, and can’t be seen or felt. The only symptom is usually bleeding. Internal piles can be classified into 4 grades.
External piles:External piles are located around the anus right under the skin, where there are many pain sensing nerves. They, therefore, hurt as well as bleed. Anyone at any age can be affected by piles. Though it has been observed that people over 45 years of age usually get affected by piles. About 50% of people experience this condition at some time in their life. women who are pregnant too experience it.
How does piles occur:piles are haemorrhoid that have become inflamed. Internal haemorrhoids form when blood vessels inside the rectum become swollen and engorged.
External piles can occur due to increased pressure caused by obesity, pregnancy, sitting or standing for long hours at a stretch ,straining on the toilet, coughing, sneezing, vomiting and holding your breath while straining to do strenuous physical labour.
Who are more prone to piles:
- genetic predisposition
- less fibre in the diet can cause constipation which can lead to the formation of piles
- poor bathroom habits
- excessive coughing or sneezing
- constant sitting or standing for long hours at a stretch
- excessive straining, rubbing or cleaning around the anus
- regularly holding breath while straining to perform some physical labour
- being obese
Symptoms of piles include:
- bright red bleeding from the anus. Blood may streak the bowel movement or the toilet paper.
- pain during bowel movements
- painful swelling or a lump near the anus
- anal itching
- mucous discharge from the anus
- hard lump around the anus
- area around the anus becomes red and sore
Making some life style changes:
Adopting certain lifestyle choices can either reduce the risk of developing piles or limit the time that a person has them.
Some life style changes include:
Always be Hydrated: According to some studies the permanent journal, most anal problems such as haemorrhoids are caused by a lack of liquids in their diet. Try to adopt habit of drinking plenty of water throughout the day keeps the stool soft and manageable as it works its way through the intestines. The result is much softer stool that takes less energy to pass and causes less irritation to the haemorrhoids.
Include fibre rich diet: Diet rich in high fibre content are very important for digestive health, especially when it comes to bowel movements. Fibre can absorb water, which helps to both soften the stool and give it more body. This makes easier to pass stool.
What to wear : People can support the healing of the haemorrhoids by wearing loose fitting ,breathable, cotton underwear, and pants. This can help to prevent the area surrounding the haemorrhoids from becoming irritated by excess sweat, and help to reduce symptoms.
Correcting bathroom habit: There are a few things to consider when using bathroom that may help to control or avoid haemorrhoids.
It is important to remember that not to force a bowel movement. straining and pushing may make haemorrhoids worse. If a bowel movement has not occurred after 2 minutes, It is best to get up and try again later. It also helps some people to have a similar schedule every day, such as sitting on the toilet for few minutes after each meal. It is also important to listen to the body in this situation. waiting for a less social setting or waiting to use the toilet at home can actually backup the stool and cause more stress and straining. This will only make haemorrhoids worse. softness goes a long way with haemorrhoids. If toilet paper is too irritating, using damp toilet paper may help. Alcohol free baby with absolutely no additive may also provide relief by wiping.
By including these life style changes and following some healthy home remedies will help you to get rid of piles.
some home remedies include:
Witch hazel: Witch hazel can reduce both itching and pain, two main symptoms of haemorrhoids. It’s a natural anti-inflammatory, so it could also reduce swelling. Witch hazel can be purchased in liquid form and applied directly to the haemorrhoids. It can also be found in products like anti-itch wipes and soaps.
Castor Oil : Castor oil has wide ranging properties like anti-oxidant rich, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory. Hence, this ingredient has the power to decrease the size of the piles and reduce pain in the individual. Take 3ml of castor oil in milk every night. It could also be applied in the affected area. External application and regular intake, works well to alleviate the pain and symptoms of piles.
Aforesaid Or Heeng: In some studies a doctor urges one to include heeng in their diet. It could be included in the vegetables on a day-to-day basis or dissolved in a glass of water and must be consumed daily. It is an Indian spice used in cooking as well as curing ailments. It improves digestion and hence cures piles.
Warm bath with Epsom salt: Warm baths can help soothe the irritation from haemorrhoids. You can use a zits bath, which is a small plastic tub that fits over a toilet seat, or take a full-body bath in your tub. According to some studies, taking a warm bath for 20 minutes after every bowel movement will be most effective. Adding Epsom salts to the bath can provide further relief by reducing pain.
Apply ice packs or cold compresses to the anus to relieve swelling for 15 minutes at a time. For large, painful haemorrhoids, this can be an extremely effective treatment. Always wrap ice inside a cloth or paper towel, and never apply something frozen directly to the skin.